The Netherlands spend relatively little on the natural sciences and engineering

In the Netherlands, 38.8% of its total expenditure is going to the natural sciences and engineering. Internationally the Netherlands is on the low end of the spectrum. That is the conclusion of the factsheet R&D expenditure and capacity by field of science, which was published today.

There is a relationship between the nature of the economy – measured by the size of the manufacturing industry – and the distribution of expenditure across the fields of science. This is illustrated in the figure below.

Figure

Countries on the bottom left-hand side – the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Norway – have a relatively small manufacturing industry and spend relatively little on the natural sciences and engineering. The opposite is true for countries on the top right-hand side.

The Rathenau Instituut published the factsheet R&D expenditure and capacity by field of science at the request of the Dutch Parliament.

More information on Fact and Figures about science and education in the Netherlands can be found at our Science in Figures-section.