Changing geopolitical relations have serious implications for science and innovation. In recent years, our studies have shown that civil-military and public-private partnerships are blurring the boundaries. Civilian technology can be used for military purposes, for example. We also set out the extent of international and public-private cooperation in the Netherlands. This is relatively large compared with other countries, involving desirable and undesirable influences on research. What shape should international cooperation take in times of geopolitical tension?
Read more +