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Income TNO by funding source

data publication
08 June 2023
Funding income tno
In this data publication we show the development of the revenues of the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) by funding source.

In short

  • Revenue TNO 572 million euros in 2021
  • Biggest funding source central government with almost 50% direct orders
  • Other funding sources consist of private organizations and business enterprises (29%), and from abroad (18%)

Central government is largest funder
Between 2004 and 2008 TNO income grew mainly through commissions. Between 2009 and 2012 income fluctuates slightly. After 2012 almost all funding sources decline except for 'commissions from abroad'. In 2016 the decline seems to have stopped. After that, comparisons are difficult (see below under 'Changing trends due to sale and merger'). However, research by the Rathenau Institute into the funding of public knowledge organisations shows that the income of the TO2 institutions, which includes TNO, has been rising again since 2018.

It is clear that the central government is TNO's largest source of funding. In the period between 2004 and 2016, about 30% of the income comes directly from the government. Then it rises to 40% in 2019, but this increase is due to the changes at TNO (see below under 'Trend change due to sale and merger'). Other major sources of income in 2019 are private parties (29%) and foreign countries (18%). Other countries include, for example, orders from international companies and grants from European Framework Programmes.