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data publication
27 August 2020

R&D expenditure, funded by the government and business enterprises, as a % of GDP

To get a good picture of Dutch R&D expenditure, we can compare the expenditure with other countries. In this data publication, we compare R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP. We look at total expenditure, at government expenditure and at company expenditure.
R&D companies and government international compared
Source: OECD, MSTI database. Performer based data. Belgium, Denmark, EU15, EU28, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland: 2017 instead of 2018.

Analysis

R&D-expenditure as percentage of GDP is comparable to the EU-15 average
In 2018, total Dutch R&D expenditure was 2,14% of GDP. This is right between the averages of the OECD (2.38) and the EU28 (2.03). It is comparable to the EU-15 average of 2,16%. 
Total Dutch R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP used to be around the EU-28 average. Due to a change in R&D statistics in 2019 (to align with international guidelines), the percentage is now comparable to the EU-15 average. Note: as the breakdown per funding source is not available for 2018, the above graphs present 2017 figures for the Netherlands. 

Dutch government expenditure on R&D comparable to the EU-15 average.
Dutch government R&D expenditure is comparable to the EU-15 average and slightly above the EU-28 and OECD countries averages.

Business R&D-expenditure is above the EU-28 average, but below the OECD average.
Dutch business R&D funding is comparable to the EU-15 average, above the EU-28 average, but below the OECD average.

 

 

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