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R&D expenditure, funded by the government and companies, as a % of GDP

data publication
16 May 2022
R&D government business Finance
To get a good overview of Dutch R&D expenditure, we can compare the expenditure with other countries. In this data publication, we compare R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP. We look at total expenditure, at government expenditure and at company expenditure.

In short

  • Total Dutch R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP is above the EU27 average, but below the OECD average.
  • The R&D expenditure of the Dutch government is comparable to the EU-27 average, and is above the OECD average.
  • The R&D expenditure funded by companies is around the EU-27 average, but below the OECD average.

R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Explanatory note 
R&D-expenditure as percentage of GDP is above EU-27 average, but below OECD average. In 2019, total Dutch R&D expenditure was 2,18% of GDP. This is between the averages of the OECD (2.51) and the EU27 (2.11). 

R&D expenditures by the government

Explanatory note
Dutch government R&D expenditure is comparable to the EU-27 average and above the OECD average.
 

R&D expenditures by business enterprises

Explanatory note
Business expenditure on R&D is similar to the EU-27 average but below the OECD average. 

Correlatie R&D uitgaven overheid bedrijven
Source: OECD, MSTI database. Performer based data. Sweden and Switzerland: 2017 instead of 2019. Ireland, Singapore and United Kingdom: 2018 instead of 2019.