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Share of graduates in science and technology in higher education compared internationally

data publication
22 November 2021
technology Education international
How many 20-29 year olds graduated or obtained a PhD in Science and Technology per 1,000 inhabitants in this age group? In this data publication we show the relative number of graduates and PhDs in science and technology for a number of countries, as a share of 1,000 people in the 20-29 age group.

In short

  • The Netherlands have a relatively small number of graduates and doctorate holders in science and technology per 1000 people in the 20-29 age group (2019).
  • Ireland has the largest number of graduates and doctorate holders in science and technology in this age group.
  • The number of graduates and doctorate holders per 1000 people in the 20-29 age group has been increased over the last years.

Analysis
The number of science and technology graduates and PhDs per 1,000 inhabitants in the 20-29 age group is highest in Ireland: 37 out of 1,000 people are graduated or hold a PhD in science or technology. With 14 out of 1,000, the Netherlands is almost at the bottom of the list of reference countries. Only Luxembourg is lower. The total number is made up of Short-cycle, Bachelor and Master graduates and PhDs. The Netherlands is also low on the list of reference countries per diploma type, with Short-cycle being taken together with Bachelor graduates. Even if we look at all 37 countries for which Eurostat has data, the Netherlands is also low. Only Turkey, Slovakia, Liechtenstein, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, North Macedonia and Luxembourg are below the Netherlands (2019).

When we look at the numbers divided between men and women, we see that in both cases the Netherlands is almost at the bottom of the list of reference countries. The share of Dutch graduates and PhDs in Science and Technology per 1,000 inhabitants in the age group 20-29 has increased over the years. In 2013, there were 2.9 Master's graduates per 1,000 inhabitants, in 2019 this share has grown to 4.8. The share of Bachelor graduates grew from 6.3 in 2013 to 7.9 in 2019 (Eurostat).