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R&D expenditure in the Netherlands by sector of performance

data publication
04 August 2022
R&D research Innovation Finance
Research & Development (R&D) is carried out by companies, research institutions, and within higher education. We show how much the various sectors spend on R&D, both in total and as a percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP).

In short

  • The expenditure amounted to 2.31% of GDP in 2020.
  • The absolute volume of R&D expenditure shows a trend of growth, but in relative terms, R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP has remained the same for years, with the exception of an increase in 2020.
  • The increase in 2020 is partly due to an increase in spending and partly due to a decline in GDP due to the Covid-19 crisis.

R&D expenditure by sector of performance

Analysis
The volume of R&D expenditure shows a trend of growth in all sectors for the entire period. Relatively speaking, the increase is smallest in research institutions. Companies experienced a strong decrease in 2009 probably due to the financial crisis. The large increase between 2010 and 2011 and between 2012 and 2013 is largely caused by changes in the data collection.
 

R&D expenditure in economic perspective

Analysis
R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP first increases gradually from 1990 to 2008, to increase significantly in 2011, mainly due to changes in the data collection by Statistics Netherlands. Changes in the data collection also explain the rise in 2013. From 2013, the GDP percentage has more or less stabilized. In 2020 it rises to 2.31. The increase is partly due to an increase in spending and partly due to a decline in GDP due to the Covid-19 crisis.