Since 2004 the EU has gained 13 new members: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. It appears that these EU-13 do not participate in European research and innovation programs as often as expected. This negatively impacts their innovation potential, and that of the EU as a whole.
The European Parliament wanted to know why participation of new member states falls behind and what can be done about this. At its request, a consortium of the Rathenau Instituut and European counterparts did research on this topic. The complete report ‘Overcoming innovation gaps in the EUR-13 Member States’ is now available.
The study shows differences among the EU-13. Some countries, like Slovenia and Estonia, participate well in European programmes. However, approximately half of the countries – including Romania and Bulgaria – fall behind. The Czech Republic and Hungary take the middle position.
What can be done?
This study offers several perspectives for policymakers on how to
- Strengthen EU facilities and programmes focusing on integration of the EU13 in a European research and innovation space.
- Realize strong research and innovation centres that can stimulate participation in EU programs.
Download the report Overcoming innovation gaps in the EU-13 Member States, or read more on the website of STOA, Science and Technology Options Assessment of the European Parliament.