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R&D expenditure in the Netherlands by funding source and sector of performance

data publication
03 August 2021
Research & Development (R&D) takes place in different sectors: companies, higher education, and research institutions. Who finances R&D in each sector? In this data publication we show R&D expenditure in the Netherlands for the different sectors of performance (companies, higher education, research institutions) differentiated by funding source.

In short

  • Corporations are paying for the majority of their own R&D.
  • R&D funding for higher education derives mostly from the government.
  • Research institutions are mostly funded by the government. 

R&D funding sources

The financial sources of R&D consist of various organizations such as: organisations from abroad, private & non-profit organisations (PNP), higher education, companies and the Dutch government. 

Who pays what?

R&D is performed by three executive sectors:

  1. Companies
  2. Higher education 
  3. Research institutions

For each sector, we look at the sources of funding for their R&D activities and the trends that can be observed.
 

1. Companies

Analysis
The absolute R&D expenditure of business enterprises is steadily increasing to 11 billion euros in 2019. Business enterprises are not very dependent on other parties for funding. Between 80% and 83% of companies' R&D funding ends up with the companies themselves, with a few peaks down.

Governmental funding of R&D in the corporate sector has declined from 2011 to 2.21% in 2012. The increase in 2017 is due to a revision of the Statistics Netherlands R&D statistics.
 

2. Higher education

Analysis
Governmental sources are the main funding sources for R&D activities executed by higher education institutions. On average, governmental sources are funding 77% of the total R&D expenditures of higher educational institutions since 2011. Furthermore, funding sources from abroad and business enterprises has slightly increased.

 

3. Research institutions

Analysis
The government is the most important financial source for research institutions. On average, governmental sources are funding 77% of the researches executed by such institutions since 2013. Due to a change in definition, data assessing the years before 2013 are not comparative with the current data.